Space transport economics
For economic purposes, transport from Earth to interesting solar system locations may be considered in stages.
- 1 Earth to Low Earth Orbit (LEO)
- 2 LEO to Geosynchronous Orbit (GEO)
- 3 LEO to L1
- 4 LEO to Luna
- 5 LEO to Mars
- 6 See also
Earth to Low Earth Orbit (LEO)
Three economic targets are considered:
- Minimum cost to LEO, with negotiable payload.
- Maximum payload to LEO, with negotiable cost.
- Minimum cost per kg, with negotiable individual launch cost and payload.
|Delta II (US)||$45M||5.1 tons||$9300/kg|
|Space Shuttle (US)||$270M||24.4 tons||$11000/kg|
|Ikar-1 (Russia)||$6M||4.2 tons||$1900/kg|
|Proton (Russia)||$50M||20.9 tons||$2900/kg|
|Near Future||Invest. Req.|
|Falcon 1 (SpaceX)||$6.7M||0.57 tons||$11700/kg|
|Falcon 9 - S9 (SpaceX)||$78M||24.7 tons||$3200/kg|
|Energia (Russia)||88 tons|
|Far Future||Invest. Req.|
|Space Elevator||$40M||20 tons||$2/kg||$100B|